I am 74 years mechanical engineer influenced by Gandhiji's thinking since 55 years and working for rural development to increase rural wealth through home scale and village scale industries. I am very much distressed to see dangerous disparity in our country i.e. only a handful of people having captured most of the wealth of the country and millions of masses remaining hand to mouth. I have also observed that our rural people have inner spirit of our culture which has inherent capabilities to surpass to so called westernized urban people. So I am very much optimistic that rural India is competent enough to create finest specimen of humanitarian life style and people's economy free from exploitation, poverty, hunger etc. This unique quality is inherent in our culture which will make India as the strongest country of the world in a very short period of 10 to 20 years.
I am humbly describing myself as real friend and real well wisher of our rural people and I have burning desire to remove their merciless exploitation being done through various multinational big companies and also Governments. I want to humbly show real path of happiness for common masses. I am carrying in my heart certain BASIC CONVICTIONS which force me to suggest that if the path which I am recommending is followed by rural people, it will bring economic revolution in India and also in the world in one or two decades through which we can abolish hunger, unemployment, disparity, war, terrorism etc and make entire globe full of peace and happiness.
But I have painfully observed that most of our elite and educated people are under illusion that model of development imposed on us by developed countries is correct and path of development shown by them is real path. So our Central and State Governments follow the same pattern of development as Europe and U.S.A. tell us. So our Governments are trying to establish big industries, are trying to develop highways, cities, power stations, ports, airports and infrastructure required by giant industries. I VENTURE TO ASSERT THAT THIS IS NOT THE PATH OF HAPPINESS BUT THIS IS THE PATH OF EXPLOITATION AND PERMANENT SLAVERY OF OUR PEOPLE. If you want homogeneous development of entire society of millions of masses, you have to evolve your own economic strategy based on local self reliance at least for primary needs of people i.e. for food, cloth and shelter and energy consumed in it. Very evidently this type of local self reliance can be achieved through home scale family size industries based on small and simple technology. Giant complicated machinery and plants have no place in this picture because complicated machinery makes simple thing also complicated.
Primary needs such as wheat flour, rice, cooking oil, sugar, jaggery, soap, cloth, bricks, tiles, cement, lime and building materials and even electricity are all simple things to produce and so all these things must be produced at home scale, farm scale and village scale level with very simple and cheap technology. I can suggest quick solution for instant electrification of our villages by tiny thermal power plants run by biomass or by solar. THIS IS THE PATH OF HAPPINESS. BIG COMPLICATED MACHINERY HAS NO PLACE IN MANUFACTURING PRIMARY NEEDS OF PEOPLE. WHENEVER AND WHERE EVER YOU VIOLATE THIS PRINCIPLE, YOU GIVE RISE TO EXPLOITATION, ANY COUNTRY OR SOCIETY WHICH IS BEING EXPLOITED FOR PRIMARY NEEDS OF PEOPLE, CAN NEVER COME UP AND IS DESTINED TO RUIN.
Many people raise doubts that how all the primary needs can be fulfilled through cottage industries. I have no doubt that everything can be produced at home scale and village scale including cement, sugar, cloth and electricity if dedicated efforts are made to develop small and simple technology for every kind of primary needs. You must know that previously world best quality cloth was produced in millions of houses of India since centuries with very simple tools and equipments not costing even 5000 Rupees. It can be still produced in millions of homes by using solar electricity if we sincerely work for home scale industries. A very fine quality of jaggery (hygienically better than sugar) is still produced at farm scale practically at every sugarcane farm in spite of strict controls of our government to abolish this farm level industry for favoring giant sugar factories. Bricks and lime is still a cottage industry throughout India. There are at least 1200 tiny flour mills in my city alone (population 1.5 million). Oil milling was also cottage industry throughout India since centuries. Our Government made foolish blunder to abolish it. Rice milling can be decentralized very easily by establishing rice hullers driven by steam engines running on rice husks.
So my most sincere advice to our patriotic elite class is that "You should immediately return from the dangerous path which leads to exploitation, ruin and perish. You should evolve your own path based on decentralized, small and simple machinery which will have no exploitative capacity. Only such machinery will be blessing to the humanity. Through such simple technology only, you will be able to create homogeneously happy society and such happy society will be right answer, right solution and right alternative to the western type wasteful and exploitative civilization. THOSE WHO WORK FOR THIS CAUSE ARE REAL FRIENDS OF HUMANITY.
One most common doubt is raised against such tiny industries is that whether such tiny units are economically viable and can compete to big units ? It is really strange that this question is asked from every part of the world. So it is evident that entire world is brought under this illusion through wrong education that big heavy industries are more viable. This is absolutely wrong. In fact tiny units are always more viable than big centralized industries. One can imagine that tiny units enjoy many inherent advantages over big centralized units such as (1) Transport is eliminated or minimized (2) Packaging is eliminated or people use their own tins, bins, jars etc. (3) Middlemen are eliminated. (4) Marketing is eliminated or minimized and hence all evils of marketing such as profiteering, hoarding, speculation, adulteration, deception, shortage etc. are automatically eliminated. Tiny units for basic needs will work for local consumption with local raw materials. So all the advantages will go to tiny units. So they are bound to be far strongly more viable than big centralized units. I have proved this contention beyond doubt by establishing 1800 tiny cooking oil mills which are running most successfully, most profitably and most satisfactorily in India and 85 countries. What is true for tiny oil mills can be proved true for other industries of basic needs including tiny power plants also. So I sincerely appeal to all patriotic elite friends to come out from false illusions of development, to throw away present theory of development, to ponder over the alarming situation of our rural people and seriously adopt this pious work of rural development through tiny scale industries with strong faith that entire world can be got rid of entire exploitation and entire planet can be made happy without any big industry. I am absolutely confident that one who will determine to work in this direction, will definitely meet with great success and he will earn the credit for making great revolutionary changes through small deeds.
I have developed tiny oil mills, tiny jaggery plants, tiny steam power plants based on biomass, steam engines, domestic parabolic solar cookers, small community solar cookers, large solar baskets etc. I have already developed solar water pumping systems and tiny solar plants which are strongly viable. Very soon, I will manufacture domestic wind turbines, tiny cement plants (one tonne/day) etc. My industrial activity is my life mission. Nothing is secret with me. I feel that my family consists of 121 crores for whom I am constantly worrying.