Mahatma Gandhiji has asserted that to create a happy society, means of production of primary needs of people must be in the hand of common masses. It means that primary needs of the people must be produced by the people with simple and cheap technology affordable by common people.
So I have selected six basic necessities to be produced by common people at home scale or village scale level.
- Edible oil
- Sugarcane Jaggery
- Electricity and power
- Cement which is key commodity for rural construction.
So my dream is to decentralize all these six industries up to home scale and village scale level.
Decentralization Of Cooking Oil Industry:
Entire requirement of edible oil was produced in India by half million OIL GHANIs before independence. People used to get pure, fresh, natural cooking oil throughout India. There was no big oil mills or oil expellers before 65 years. Then because of encouragement of government for big industries only, all the ghanis collapsed only in 5 years time and big big oil mills emerged which are supplying adulterated oil to the people at high cost. I am trying to decentralize this industry since last 30 years. I designed tiny oil mill which can crush 3 tons of oil seeds in 24 hours and can be operated by 2 persons. It is driven by 10 HP power, either diesel engine or electric motor or steam engine. It occupies only 300 to 400 sq ft area. It can provide cooking oil to one village of 6000 population So far I have established 600 tiny oil mills in India, mostly around 200 km radius of Rajkot, which are crushing 1,50,000 to 1,80,000 tons of oil seeds worth 4000 million rupees every year and providing pure, fresh and natural cooking oil to more then half million families. Further my tiny oil mills have spread into 85 countries out of India and everywhere it is working most successfully. So tiny oil mill is family size village industry. Global scope of this industry is at least one million units of tiny oil mills. Against this much huge scope, I have established only 1600 tiny oil mills, which is only a drop in a ocean. But I have already proved in 85 countries that idea of more viability for bigger unit is totally false. I have already proved practically that smaller is more viable. Interested people can go through my article in my website BENEFITS OF DECENTRALIZED COOKING OIL INDUSTRY. Indian people can also read my Hindi book TEL UDYOG KA SWADESHIKARAN.
Decentralization Of Sugar Industry:
Entire sugar industry all over the world spread into thousands of huge sugar factories has very badly trapped the entire world into sugar which is nothing but very much harmful poisonous substance. Any government caring for the health of people must impose ban on producing sugar. Really poisons should not be allowed to produce and to market it. In fact jaggery must be produced from sugarcane which is far more nutritious than sugar with minerals and vitamins and really blessing for the humanity. 35 years back I happen to work as a Managing Director of a big sugar factory. Then I came to know how dangerous sugar is. Most dangerous gas Sulfur dioxide is involved in sugar production. There are 59 side effects of sugar to human body (See in my website).
Compared to sugar factory, investment in jaggery making is only 2% for the same installed capacity. Jaggery production is always at farm scale level. It provides 40 times more employment than sugar factory compared with equal installed capacity. 100 kg of sugarcane produces 10 kg of sugar only. But same 100 kg of sugarcane can produce 14 kg of jaggery. So jaggery production will be 40% more than sugar production. So you cannot find any virtue of sugar or sugar factory.
Before independence jaggery was produced in India at farm scale level predominantly with the presence of a few sugar factories. Our foolish government encouraged sugar factories and discouraged and banned jaggery industry. So share of jaggery industry has reduced in 65 years from 90 % to 30% only. India now produces 350 million tons of sugarcane out of which 250 million tons are going to sugar factories and remaining 100 million tons goes for jaggery making. Government constantly discouraged and banned jaggery industry in favor of vested interests of sugar lobby. In fact if jaggery is encouraged in India, we are capable of providing and feeding this most delicious and nutritious sweet jaggery to 150 countries of the world over and above India.
Just recently I have taken up to encourage farm size jaggery plants owned by farmers to make them more viable. Jaggery plant runs by 10HP electric motor or diesel engine. Such 30,000 jaggery plants are running in India. Juice is boiled into jaggery by open pan boiling process. Lot of heat is going into flue gases which can be gainfully utilized to make steam and to run jaggery plant by steam engine free of cost. This way farmer can save diesel expense of Rs 200000 every year. If government encourages to convert jaggery plant from diesel operated to steam operated, the import bill of petroleum can be reduced by 6000 million rupees. So there is a huge scope of converting existing diesel operated jaggery plants to power independent steam operated jaggery plants. This will be environment friendly step. So There will be win win situation for everyone.
I am already manufacturing steam engines. Rural people have enough skill to fabricate very small waste heat boiler. State government should exempt such small boilers running in remote farms from the strict provisions of Boiler Act. Government of California has exempted all the boilers working in farms from the boiler act. Every state government of India has power to exempt boiler act under section 34(3). Any government caring for people must exempt such tiny boilers from boiler act. It will speed up rural industrialization and rural electrification very speedily.
Decentralization Of Rice Mill Industry
India produces 200 million tons of paddy which entirely goes to big rice mills. Rural rice milling activity has been totally abolished by anti people government policy. Rice mills have capacity from 2 ton/hour to 8 ton/hour and they consume electricity from 50 HP to 200 HP in each rice mill. All the rice mills of India roughly consume 4000 MW of power which is equivalent to entire production of nuclear power plants in India.
Now look the fun. Every rice mill generates 25 to 27% rice husks which is excellent eco fuel and which can generate more power than rice mill consumes. Now heaps of rice husks are lying here and there just as a waste. In fact it is a very much precious fuel for green power. If we care for people, rice mills should not be centralized. Hulling of paddy is a simple process and no much investment is needed. Centrifugal rice huller can be driven by 5 HP motor and it can process 500 kg of paddy per hour. Such small rice hullers must be installed in every rice farm and all these rice hullers must be driven by small rice husk gasifiers or small steam engines. In processing paddy using rice husk, only 50% rice husk will be required and 50% will remain surplus. Such surplus rice husk can be utilized to produce electricity during the night. This way 60 million rural homes can be electrified with green energy of rice husk and entire problem of rural electrification can be solved by rice husks only and 4000 MW power consumed by big rice mills also can be saved. So all the nuclear power plants can be closed down by this rice husk revolution. Interested persons should read my article RICE HUSK REVOLUTION (In my website).
One more point. Big rice mills make criminal offense against humanity by polishing rice just for a whiteness and destroy all the better nutritious elements from the outer part of the rice which they remove in polishing. So rice quantity is reduced by 10% and what they offer to the public is polished rice which is stuff less. If we switch over to decentralized farm scale rice hullers in every village, 300000 such hullers will work with independent power of rice husk and will increase the rural wealth by 1 trillion. So huge scope for decentralization of rice milling industry.
Decentralization Of Textile Industry
India produces 300 lakhs ( 30 million) of bales of cotton. It is far more than installed capacity of spinning mills in India. So roughly 30% bales are exported. Entire spinning industry is heavily centralized. Mahatma Gandhiji opposed this centralization an preached to people to make their own clothes in homes only. Centralized process of spinning mill is completely unscientific because pressing of bales reduces the durability of cloth by 20%. Loose cotton spinning gives more durable cloth. India was famous for hand made cloth throughout the world. It was only hand spun and hand woven, but British government took keen interest in abolishing this home scale textile industry for their selfish purpose. But after independence our government proved the worst and they encouraged heavily centralized textile industry and did not allow to grow any decentralized spinning activity. Big spinning mill has 50,000 spindles or if smaller 24,000 spindles. But in Tamil Nadu, South India 2000 smaller spinning mills from 2000 spindles to 8000 spindles have come up and are working more successfully than big textile mills. There is a further scope of decentralization from 2000 spindles to only 500 spindles. Our Saurashtra region of Gujarat state (Rajkot is the center of it) is producing 9 million of cotton bales but there is no any spinning mill here. So I made a survey and found that there is a scope of about 5000 small spinning mills upto 2000 spindles and I wrote a article to create awareness among the people. One cotton federation invited me for a speech in their annual general meeting. There after people are thinking in this direction seriously. I have also written a 240 page book in Hindi named GAVO KA NAVSARJAN in which I have described in full detail about my mission of decentralization of various industries. It is also creating awareness among the farmers about the possibilities of tiny spinning mills. As a result of this awareness, one such spinning mill owned by farmers has come up in a remote sea shore village and is now running successfully since April 2014. Once such 10 to 15 mills start working in villages owned by farmers, hundreds of such tiny spinning mills will come up. There is a further scope of decentralization of spinning activity up to home scale level say 50 to 100 spindles running on solar panel in home only. All such decentralized spinning mills use loose cotton and ginning the cotton will also become a part of spinning mill. So expenses will be less and yarn will be more durable. This way, cotton spinning can be decentralized up to home scale level in next 15 years.
Exploitation of rural people through textile mills is the biggest. Roughly 2 trillion Rupees are drained from villages to cities through textile industry only. This exploitation can be abolished and self employment of 50 million people can be created by decentralization of textile industry including ginning, spinning, weaving and cloth processing.
Decentralization Of Power Houses
Giant Electricity Power Houses such as giant thermal power plants or giant nuclear power plants are established either by governments by collecting tax from the people or by giant private companies by collecting huge money by way of shares of the company. In either cases, money comes from the people.
Giant Electricity Power Houses give rise to giant factories, centralize production and create Giant Economic Power Houses. They promote huge scale coal mining, displace people, create huge scale pollution, misuse all available resources on the planet and conspire against the people by promoting Giant Economic Power Houses.
Giant Economic Power Houses ally with political parties and create Giant Political Power Houses.
Giant Political Power Houses work for Giant Economic Power Houses and restrict or abolish the freedom and liberty of the people and exploit the people by more and more taxes in the name of development and create monopolies for heavily centralized Giant Economic Power Houses which again support to Giant Political Power Houses.
So root cause of every evil is Giant Electricity Power Houses and grid lines joining them.
Common masses do not get any benefit from such Giant Electricity Power Houses or if they get a little just for lights in homes, it is just a trash and trifle, just as I get benefit of removing cold if my house is burning. Please remember the fact that half of India has no electricity connection in their homes in spite of 200000MW installed capacity of Giant Electricity Houses.
All evils such as exploitation, poverty, starvation, unemployment, hunger, displacement, terrorism, urbanization, war etc are essentially the consequences of alliance of Giant Economic Power Houses and Giant Political Power Houses through Giant Electricity Power Houses.
So to remove the root cause of evils, we must find out alternative of Giant Electricity Power Houses.
Steam engine is the biggest revolutionary weapon to abolish TRIO of Giant Electricity Power Houses, Giant Economic power Houses and Giant Political Power Houses, all at a stretch.
Steam engine is the most effective tool to build up local economy and to bring freedom and happiness to people.
Steam engine is appropriate equipment to abolish all evils such as unemployment, poverty, hunger, inequality etc.
Steam engine can run home scale, farm scale and village scale tiny and small power plants in millions of numbers working on solar or biomass.
So small steam engines will prove to be the World Scene Changer Machines in this 21st century creating freedom and happiness for common masses.
Entire British empire was built and expanded in the world only by big steam engines.
We can abolish present exploitative economic structure by small steam engines, by decentralization and localization of all industries.
All local small family scale industries are far more viable than big centralized industries. So all basic need industries such as rice, edible oil, jaggery, sugar, textile, power, cement are technically and economically more viable and sustainable as most of these industries are self sufficient in power also such as tiny rice mill can generate its own power, tiny jaggery plant can generate its own power, tiny oil mill can generate its own power and where ever power is required, solar powered steam engine can be attached to it. So no infrastructure of roads, rails, mega cities, petroleum exploration, coal mining, heavy transportation will be required. No exploitation of whatsoever. Everywhere freedom and happiness.
But more prospective decentralization is coming through photo voltaic solar pumps and solar power plants of 5 to 10 KW capacity. It is completely automatic and works for 20 years without any maintenance or manpower. It overtakes to thermal power plants and it becomes cheaper and cheaper day by day. So there is bright prospects for 20 million solar pumps for irrigation and there is bright possibilities to generate 8 lakh MW solar power in small farms of India and make surplus power in India.
Small wind mills have also a huge scope. About 50 million of tiny wind turbines from 50 W to 200 W can be installed in rural areas just to provide lights to homes. About 1 crore small wind turbines from 500 W to 3 KW can be developed and installed in homes and also for running home scale industries and for pumping water also. Very small gasifiers also have a huge scope. About 30,000 jaggery units in India can run by steam engines and steam can be produced free of cost simply from waste heat going to chimney. Compressed air operated three wheelers carrying two passengers or 200 KG load seem to have scope in millions. Conversion of petrol car to electric car also have a scope in millions in India Interested engineers and technicians should read my articles HUGE SCOPE OF TINY SOLAR THERMAL POWER PLANTS, HUGE SCOPE OF SMALL WIND TURBINES and RICE HUSK REVOLUTION.
Decentralization Of Cement Industry
At present lime is produced in every village by very poor people without using any machinery. Cement is just a little advanced technology then lime. So it also can be produced with simple technology at every spot of the limestone. Cement is not mysterious product which can not be produced without giant complicated cement plant. Simple cement plant of 1 ton per day will be most practical and most viable unit in rural area for common people producing 20 bags of cement by illiterate people. Pulverizing of lime stone, pulverizing common clay, pulverizing coal dust, mixing this ingredients thoroughly in double cone mixer and nodulising in very simple noduliser and firing in a batch type vertical kiln will make the cement of best quality which even cannot be prepared by giant cement plants. But I do not emphasis quality of cement. If it is little inferior, no problem at all. Inferior quality cement gets maximum compressive strength after a few more days say 15 days to 30 days instead of 7 days. This is the only difference in the quality of difference. Prudent and rural people will tolerate this variation and while making the roof slabs bottom support will not be removed until one month. But anyhow cement industry must be decentralized to one million plants of 1 ton capacity each which may require investment of about 2 lakh rupees.
Limestone burning is exothermic process generating lot of heat. Somehow this generated heat should be utilized for running the cement plant and outside power should not be required. If decentralizes cement technology is fully disseminated to every village, cement cost will be reduced to 25% of the present price and huge exploitation of 1.5 trillion rupees (1.5 lakh crores) will be saved by the people. It means that wealth of the common people will be increased by 1,50,000 crores.
But still bigger benefit of decentralized cement industry will be eye opening to everybody. The present cement production is utilized for constructing big dams, bif factories, big cities, big infrastructure, big highways etc. All this lead to slavery of common masses and ultimately it leads to the death of population. Decentralized cement production will be utilized in villages to construct poor peoples home, for check dams, for wells, for small godowns for storing grains. All this lead to real prosperity and real swaraj of the people.
So please accept small, encourage small and discard big big bogus things and be happy.
I invite the interested entrepreneurs to take up this activity of manufacturing tiny oil mills, tiny rice mills, tiny jaggery plants, tiny textile projects, tiny solar power plants, tiny cement plants etc on mass scale level as a mission of decentralization or even for earning money. Total benefit of this activity of decentralization will result in generation of wealth by common people of the value of 10 lakh crores i.e. 10 trillion rupees. So this activity will entirely change India from poverty to prosperity in one decade only. This is real swadeshi of Mahatma Gandhi and I am trying to advocate it and implement it alone. If I get 100000 engineers like me, real miracle will happen and heaven will descent on the earth, atleast on Indian land.
Similar to India, there is a huge scope of this activity to spread throughout the world.