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Textile Industry- Immediate Necessity For Decentralization

Spinning in every home and weaving in every village was a normal scene in happy and peaceful India for many centuries. But with the inception of big textile mills before about 150 years, English Government encouraged big textile mills with the molafide intention of exploiting entire India and created hurdles against home scale textile industry. So this important home scale village industry was broken resulting in to poverty and unemployment. During the freedom struggle, Gandhiji tried his best for 40 years to revive this home industry in the name of Khadi and spinning in millions of homes was started. But after independence, our Government made the situation the worst by encouraging heavily centralized textile mills. As a result entire textile industry is centralized in 700 big textile mills in 3 big textile centres I e. Ahmedabad, coimbatore and Mumbai and millions and millions of people working in their homes lost their independent jobs. This is the situation created by so called our democratic Government. As a result, after 60 years of independence, spinning in every home and weaving in every village is considered as a ideological and nonsense impracticable imagination. But if we scrutinize hard facts in favour of decentralization, spinning in every home and weaving in every village by utilizing modern technology of tiny scale machines operated on solar electricity can be made pleasant reality and normal scene throughout the country. These hard facts are so much convincing that nobody can deny it.

  1. Cotton is cultivated in almost in 80 % villages. Or it can be cultivated easily. So raw material is ready in every village.
  2. If spinning and weaving is done in every village, baling of cotton is no more required. So heavy expense of baling cotton is saved.
  3. If spinning is done in every village, transport expense of cotton bales from all over India to 3 or 4 textile centers can be saved.
  4. In a big textile mills, almost half of the complicated machinery costing crores of Rupees is for breaking the bales and to make the cotton loose and to make the fibres parallel from the pressed cotton. If spinning is decentralized to every village, this entire expense is saved and better results can be achieved with simple and smaller machines for spinning loose ginned cotton.
  5. Scientist have proved that cloth made from the loose cotton is 15 to 20 % more durable than the cloth made from the bales. This means that spinning and weaving in every village will give more durable cloth than present mill cloth.
  6. The centralized mills require to procure cotton from half million villages and again to provide cloth to same half million villages. This entire system is full of injustice, exploitation, profiteering and betrayal to the entire nation. If spinning and weaving is decentralized to every village, this entire exploitative unjust system will break down.
  7. Spinning and weaving require very less energy. So much less that it can be done simply by human power. Average woman can drive Amber Charkha of 8 spindles which requires only 80W. Millions of hand looms still work to weave the cloth which requires only 100W. Human power capacity is maximum 80 to 100 W. This much small power can be easily produced by photovoltaic solar cells. 

All the above points are self explanatory and even layman can understand it. So all the above points are heavily in favour of decentralization of entire textile industry again in crores of homes in half million villages. We should remember that making cloth is simple thing. We are studying in the history that Dhaka's MULMUL a very fine cloth was famous throughout the world. It was simply hand spun and hand woven on the equipments costing only 50 rupees at that time. It was just art and practice which made very fine cloth. Machinery has nothing to do with it. In fact complicated machinery makes simple thing also complicated. Now we believe that good quality cloth can not be made without big complicated machines. This is absolutely wrong concept. This also applies to solar cells. Thin film technology of making solar cells is not complicated at all. It is just like screen printing technology. In a few hundred rupees, screen printing can be done. Similarly solar cell making should be possible. Once the technology of making solar cells is known to Indian women, huge economic revolution can be made. I am sure that making a solar cell will be left hand job for any Indian woman - no matter she may be illiterate - who can make delicious roti, chapatti, papad, dosa, uthappam, parotha, thepla, puri etc. So SWADHARM of PV experts is to disseminate technology of making solar cells to common masses. The SWADHARMA of textile engineers and machinery manufacturers is to develop small simple and cheap machines for spinning and weaving the cloth. If this is done, then really India can be the modern and strongest and prosperous country with homogeneous development without poverty, unemployment and without exploitation and will inspire the rest of the world how to live peacefully without war and without exploiting other nations. This will be biggest tribute to Gandhiji.

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